Public repositories

This section will describe what are public repositories.

What are research data repositories?

Research data repositories are online repositories that enable the preservation, curation and publication of research ‘products’. These repositories are mainly used to deposit research ‘data’. However, the scope of the repositories is broader as we can also deposit/publish ‘code’ or ‘protocols’ (as we saw with

There are general “data agnostic” repositories, for example:

Or domain specific, for example:

Research outputs should be submitted to discipline/domain-specific repositories whenever it is possible. When such a resource does not exist, data should be submitted to a ‘general’ repository. Research data repositories are a key resource to help in data FAIRification as they assure Findability and Accessibility.

What makes it FAIR?

Minimal data set

Minimal data set to consist of the data required to replicate all study findings reported in the article, as well as related metadata and methods.

(no need for raw data if the standard in the field is to share data that have been processed)

How do we choose a research data repository?

As a general rule, your research needs to be deposited in discipline/data specific repository. If no specific repository can be found, then you can use a generalist repository. Having said this, there are tons of data repositories to choose from. Choosing one can be time consuming and challenging as well. So how do you go about finding a repository:

Find a repository

What comes first? the repository or the metadata?

Finding a repository first may help in deciding what metadata to collect and how!

Extra features

It is also worth considering that some repositories offer extra features, such as running simulations or providing visualisation. For example, FAIRDOMhub can run model simulations and has project structures. Do not forget to take this into account when choosing your repository. Extra features might come in handy.

Can GitHub be cited?

To make your code repositories easier to reference in academic literature, you can create persistent identifiers for them. Particularly, you can use the data archiving tool in Zenodo to archive a GitHub repository and issue a DOI for it.

Evaluating a research data repository

You can evaluate the repositories by following this criteria: